In the ever-evolving landscape of cryptocurrencies, stablecoins have emerged as a significant force in the market. According to the latest report from Kaiko, stablecoins now account for a staggering 74% of all cryptocurrency trades on centralized exchanges (CEXs).
This dominance is fueled by the popularity of Tether (USDT), which holds a massive 70% market share. However, the stablecoin market is not without its challenges and risks.
In recent months, stablecoins have experienced notable volatility, raising concerns about their reliability. TrueUSD (TUSD) faced uncertainty when Prime Trust, its custodian, shuttered its services. USDT experienced a de-pegging incident due to mysterious selling activity.
Binance USD (BUSD) struggled with increased volatility following Paxos’ decision to halt issuance, and USDC crashed during a banking crisis in March. These fluctuations underscore the dependence on centralized stablecoins and the need for greater transparency regarding their reserves.
Stablecoins Command 74% of Cryptocurrency Trades
Upcoming European regulations seek to address governance issues related to stablecoins, but significant progress still lies ahead. Currently, fiat currencies hold a relatively minor position in global cryptocurrency markets, comprising only 23% of the market share. In contrast, stablecoins dominate the remaining 74%.
Upon examining the trade volume across centralized and decentralized exchanges, it becomes clear that Tether stands unrivaled as the leader, commanding an impressive 70% market share on CEXs.
Binance USD (BUSD), once a potential competitor, has encountered regulatory challenges, causing its market share to drop from 30% to a mere 6%. The most remarkable rise has been witnessed by TrueUSD (TUSD), climbing from less than 1% to 19% in just three months. Binance’s promotion of a zero-fee BTC-TUSD pair propelled its ascent.
On decentralized exchanges (DEXs), the landscape is different. DAI, the only decentralized top stablecoin, has seen its dominance eroded by USDC and USDT. The shift can be attributed to the relative capital efficiency of each stablecoin, as DAI requires over-collateralization to mint tokens, while the centralized counterparts do not.
Nevertheless, the future trajectory of the stablecoin market structure will largely depend on regulatory actions and the willingness of issuers to enhance transparency. Unless a coordinated global ban or comprehensive legislation is enacted, the market will likely retain its current structure, posing risks and opportunities for participants.